BATTERY REFERENCES LINK LIST 2017

Bill Darden

Last Updated on January 1, 2017


Web site addresses (URLs) will often change, so please use an Internet search tool like https://www.google.com/, http://www.bing.com/, https://www.yahoo.com/, etc. to locate the new addresses. Answers to Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) and additional information on car, powersports (including motorcycle), truck, marine, and recreational vehicle starting and deep cycle lead-acid batteries can be found at http://www.batteryfaq.org.

Tip: Use Ctrl-F to find a name.

For additions, errors, omissions, comments, suggestions, broken link notifications or questions, please send e-mail to wdarden@gmail.com.


Index:

42 Volt PowerNet and Smart Batteries

Associations and Organizations

Books

Dealers and Distributors

Business Directories

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Glossaries and Dictionaries

History

Hyperlink Lists

Libraries

Magazines and Articles

Manuals

USEnet Newsgoups

Primers and Handbooks

Safety

Standards

Tutorials

42 Volt PowerNet and Smart Batteries:

Bolder Technologies, (US) +1-303-215-7272

Edgar, Julian, "Good by 12-volts... Hello 42-volts!", AutoSpeed, October 5, 1999, http://www.autospeed.co.nz/cms/A_0319/article.html

Exide, (US) 479-646-4711, 1-800-523-8954, 1-800-782-7848 or http://www.exide.com/

Delphi Automotive, (US) +1-248-813-2000 or http://delphi.com/

Furukawa, (Japan) http://www.furukawadenchi.co.jp/

iQ Smart, (Germany) http://www.iqpower.com/

Japan Storage Battery, (Japan) http://www.nippondenchi.co.jp/, 1-800-472-2879, or http://www.gsbattery.com/

Johnson Controls Inc., (US) +1-414-524-2434 or http://www.jci.com/

MIT/Industry Consortium on Advanced Automotive Electrical/Electronic Components and Systems, (US) http://lees.mit.edu/consortium.htm

Society of Automotive Engineers [SAE], (US) http://www.sae.org/automotive/

Varta, (Germany) http://www.varta.com/

Yuasa, (US) 1-800-538-2637 or http://www.yuasabatteries.com/

[back to Index]


Associations and Organizations:

Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium [ALABC], (US) +1-919-361-4647 or http://www.alabc.org/

European Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium [EALABC], (UK)

Association of Battery Recyclers [ABR], (US) +1-334-566-1563 or http://www.americasbatteryrecyclers.com/

Battery Association of Japan [BAJ], (Japan) +81-3-3434-0261 or http://www.baj.or.jp

Battery and Electrical Specialists Association [BESA], (US) or http://www.besabattery.com/

Battery Council International [BCI], (US) +1-312-644-6610 or http://batterycouncil.org/?

Battery Recycling Association of North America [BRANA], (US) http://www.brana-online.org/

British Battery Manufacturers Association [BBMA], (UK) +44-20-7838-4800 or http://www.bbma.co.uk/

China Battery Industry Association [CBIA], (China) +86-10-6342-5337

China Industrial Association of Power Sources [CIAPS], (China) http://www.ciaps.org.cn/

Electricity Storage Association [ESA], (US) +1-408-607-2899 or http://www.energystorage.org

Electrochemical Society, (US) http://www.electrochem.org/

European Automotive and Industrial Battery Manufacturers [EuroBat], (Belgium) +32-2-761-1653 or http://eurobat.org/

German Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers Association [ZVEI], (Germany) +49-69-6302-0 or http://www.zvei.org/

Independent Battery Manufacturers Assn. [IBMA], (US) please see Battery Council International [BCI]

International Battery Materials Assn. [IBA], (US)

International Electrotechnical Commission [IEC], (Switzerland) http://www.iec.ch/

International Lead Association [ILA], (UK) +44-20-7833-8090 or http://www.ila-lead.org/

International Society of Electrochemistry [ISE], (Switzerland) http://www.ise-online.org/

Italian Electrotechnical and Electronic Federation [ANIE], (Italy) +39-02-32641 or http://www.zvei.org/

Lead Development Association [LDA], (UK) +44-20-7499-8422 or http://www.ldaint.org/

National Alliance for Advanced Technology Batteries [NAATBatt], (US) +1-312-588-0477 or http://naatbatt.org/

National Renewal Energy Laboratory [NREL], (US) http://www.nrel.gov/

Recharge, (Belgium) +32-2-777-05-67 or http://www.rechargebatteries.org/

RUSBAT, (Russia) +495-602-91-46 or http://www.rusbat.com/

Society of Automotive Engineers [SAE], (US) http://www.sae.org

Smart Battery System Forum, http://sbs-forum.org/

United States Advanced Battery Consortium [USABC], (US) http://www.uscar.org/guest/view_team.php?teams_id=12

United States Council for Automotive Research [USCAR], (US) http://www.uscar.org/

Zentralverband der Elektrotechnik und Elektronikindustrie e.V. [ZVEI], (Germany) http://www.zvei.org/batterien/

[back to Index]


Books:

Bagotsky, V.S., Fundamentals of Electrochemistry, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, 2006, ISBN 978047170058-6.

Barak, M., Electrochemical Power Sources: Primary and Secondary Batteries, Institution of Electrical Engineers, ISBN 090604826-5, 1980.

Barre, Harold, Managing 12 Volts: How to Upgrade, Operate and Troubleshoot 12 Volt Electrical Systems, Second EditionSummer Breeze Publishing, 2002, ISBN 096473862-7.

Battery Council International, Chicago, http://www.batterycouncil.org

2013 Battery Replacement Data Book, published annually, http://www.batteryplex.com/sheets/BCI_21170_Combined_with_Cover.pdf

Battery Technical Manual, 12th Edition.

Storage Battery Service Manual, 12th Edition, 2002.

Best Manufacturing Practices, Navy Primary and Secondary Battery References, NAVSO P-3676, http://www.bmpcoe.org/library/books/navso%20p-3676/index.html

Berndt, Dietrich, Maintenance-Free Batteries: Aqueous Electrolyte Lead-Acid, Nickel/Cadmium, Nickel/Metal Hydride, Third Edition, Research Studies Press Ltd, 2003, ISBN 086380279-6.

Bode, Hans, Lead-Acid Batteries, New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1977, ISBN 047108455-7.

Brett, Christopher M. A. & Brett, Ana Maria Oliveira, Electrochemistry Principles, Methods and Applications, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1993, ISBN 019855389-7.

Buchmann, Isidor, Batteries in a Portable World-A Handbook on Rechargeable Batteries for Non-Engineers, ISBN 096821182-8, available online at http://www.buchmann.ca/.

Calder, Nigel and Wing, Charlie, Boatowner's Mechanical & Electrical Manual: How to Maintain, Repair, and Improve Your Boat's Essential Systems, ISBN: 007009618-X, 1995.

Crompton, Thomas Roy, Battery Reference Book, Third Edition, Newnes, 2000, ISBN 075064625-X.

Estes, Bill, The RV Handbook: Essential How-to Guide for the RV Owner, Third Edition ,Trailer Life Books, 2001, ISBN 093479866-4.

Gates Energy Products, Rechargeable Batteries Application Handbook, Butterworth-Heinemann, Stoneham, Massachusetts, 1992, ISBN 075069228-6.

Graf, Rudolf F. The Modern Power Supply and Battery Charger Circuit Encyclopedia, Tab Books, 1992, Blue Ridge Summit, PA, ISBN 083063923-3.

Interstate Batteries, Automotive Electrical Troubleshooting Manual, Dallas.

Koryta, Jiri; Dvorak, Jiri; and Kavan, Ladislav, Principles of Electrochemistry, Second Edition, John Wiley & Son, Chichester, 1993, ISBN 047193713-4.

Linden, David and Reddy, Thomas B., Handbook of Batteries, Third Edition, McGraw-Hill Handbooks, New York, 2002, ISBN 007135978-8.

Lindsay, T.J., Secrets of Lead-Acid Batteries, Lindsay Publications, Bradley, IL, 1979

Livingston, Bob, RV Repair and Maintenance Manual: Updated and Expanded, Fourth Edition, Trailer Life Books, 2002, ISBN 093479870-2.

Perez, Richard A., The Complete Battery Book, Tab Books, Blue Ridge Summit, PA, ISBN 083060757-9.

Moeller, Bill and Moeller, Jan, RV Electrical Systems: A Basic Guide to Troubleshooting, Repairing and Improvement, International Marine/Ragged Mountain Press, 1994, ISBN 007042778-X.

Mosley, Patrick T., Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries, Elsevier Science, 2004, ISBN 044450746-9.

Reasbeck, P. and Smith, J. G., Batteries For Automotive Use, Taunton: Research Studies Press, 1997.

Rechargeable Batteries Applications Handbook, Stoneham, Butterworth-Heinemann, Stoneham, Massachusetts, 1992.

Rieger, Philip H., Electrochemistry, Second Edition, Chapman Hall, New York, 1993, ISBN 041204391-2.

Rivers, Collyn, [Caravan & Motorhome Books], http://caravanandmotorhomebooks.com/

Solar That Really Works! Book--Caravan Edition

Solar That Really Works! Book--Motorhome Edition

The Camper Trailer Book

The Campervan & Motorhome Book

The Motorhome Electrics Book

Smead, David and Ishihara, Ruth, Ample Power, 1-800-541-7789 or http://www.amplepower.com.

Living on 12 Volts with Ample Power, 1998

Wiring 12 Volts for Ample Power, 1995

Vinal, G. W., Storage Batteries, Forth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1955, ISBN 047190816-9.

Vincent, C. A. et al., Modern Batteries, Second Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1997, ISBN 034066278-6.

Wing, Charlie, Boatowner's Illustrated Electrical Handbook, Second Edition, International Marine / McGraw-Hill, Camden, Maine, 2006, ISBN 007148693-3.

Witte, Otto A., The Automobile Storage Battery: It&s Care and Repair, Third Edition, American Bureau of Engineering, Chicago, 1922, ASIN: B000JRDY0W.

[back to Index]


Dealers and Distributors:

Antares, (UK) +44-1753-890888 or http://www.antares.co.uk/

Apex Battery, (US) 1-855-888-2739, http://apexbattery.com/ or http://www.wholesalebattery.org

Bat Man UK, (UK) +44-182343-2000, 0-800-731-8581 or http://www.batmanuk.com/

Batteries Galore, (US) 1-800-966-0315 or http://www.batteriesgalore.com/

Batteries Plus, (US) 1-800-MR-START or http://www.batteriesplus.com/

Battery Alliance, (US) +1-091-843-7479 or http://batteryalliance.com/

Battery Mart.com, (US) 1-800-405-2121 or http://www.batterymart.com/

Battery Defender

BatteryMart.net

BatteryWizard.com

Battery Masters, (UK) +44-871-200-3702 or http://www.batterymasters.co.uk

Battery Solutions, (US) 1-866-61POWER or http://batterysolutionsinc.com/

Batteries4Everything.com, (US) 1-800-321-0714 or https://www.batteries4everything.com/

BATTERIESareUS, (US) +1-402-224-4444 or http://www.BATTERIESareUS.com

Batteries.com, (US) 1-1-888-288-6500 or http://www.batteries.com

BatteryManitenance.com, please see BatteryStuff.com

BatteryPrice.com, (US) +1-508-378-BAT4U, 1-800-634-8132 or http://www.batteryprice.com/

BatteryStuff.com, (US) +1-541-582-4521, 1-800-362-5397 or http://www.batterystuff.com/

4Unique.com

BatteryMaintenance.com

BatteryTechSolutions.com, (Malaysia) +60-162-475201 or http://www.batterytechsolutions.com/

Battery-Web.com [SLA], (US) +1-954-746-8868, 1-877-746-2288 or http://www.batteryweb.com/

BatteryWholesale.com, (US) +1-512-869-6280, 1-800-365-8444 or http://www.batterywholesale.com/

Best Converter, (US) 1-888-828-1893 or http://www.bestconverter.com

Bohannon Battery, (US) +1-386-328-9024 or http://www.BohannonBattery.com

BudgetBatteries.com, (US) 800-985-1853 or http://www.budgetbatteries.com

Car-Go Battery, (US) +1-303-296-8763, 1-800-727-4100 or http://www.car-gobattery.com/

DC Battery Specialists, (US) +1-305-758-5041, http://www.dcbattery.com/ or http://www.marinebatteries.com/

Discount Motorcycle Batteries, (US) 1-800-654-0565

Dixon Batteries, (Canada) 1-888-896-1717 or http://www.batteriesdixon.com/

Don Rowe.com, (US) +1-541-847-5782, 1-800-367-3019 or http://www.donrowe.com/

ElectricRider.com, (US) +1-785-749-0949, 1-866-807-4337 or http://www.electricrider.com/

ETA Engineering, (US) +1-480-966-1380, 1-877-964-4188 or http://www.etaengineering.com/

Fortis Battery Care [Industrial], (UK) +44-1623 863880 or http://www.fortisbattery.com/

Giant Battery Company [Industrial], (US) +1-646-703-2843 or http://giantbatteryco.com/

Harris Battery, (US) +1-330-874-0205, 1-800-367-7670 or http://www.harrisbattery.com/

High-Tech Battery Solutions, (US) 1-877-775-4381 or http://www.techbatterysolutions.com/

Impact Battery, (US) 866-668-3163 or http://www.impactbattery.com/

Military Battery Systems [AGM Batteries], (US) +1-970-586-0660 , 1-866-807-4337 or http://www.milbatteries.com/

Motorcycle Batteries USA, (US) 1-866-654-0962 or http://www.motorcyclebatteriesusa.com/

Mpower Solutions Ltd., (UK) +44-1382-400-040 or http://www.mpoweruk.com/

One Stop Retail Ltd [SLA], (UK) +44-7581-653-712 or http://www.onestopretail.com/

Outside Supply, LLC [Inverters], (US) 1-800-796-1990, +1-504-864-3377 or http://www.outsidesupply.com/

Pacific Power Batteries, (US) 1-800-326-7406 or http://www.pacificpowerbatteries.com/

Polar Battery Vancouver, (Canada) +1-604-294-1891, 1-800-363-3550 or http://www.polarbattery.com/

Power Inverters.org, (US) 1-877-583-2073 or http://www.powerinverters.org/

Power Quality Inc. [UPS, Wheelchair and Alarm SLA], (US) 1-800-877-7844 or http://www.powerqualityinc.com/

Radio Shack, (US) 1-800-843-7422, contact local store or http://www.radioshack.com/

ReplaceMyBattery.com, (US) http://replacemybattery.com/

Safe-Start Inc., (US) 1-800-282-3750, +1-727-572-7731 or http://www.safe-start.com/

Service Battery Corp, (US) +1-630-595-4244 or http://www.batteryservice.com/

Squadron Battery Company Ltd., (UK) +44-1536-408901 or http://www.squadronbattery.com/

Smith Auto Electric, (US) +1-509-453-8275 or http://www.smithae.com/

Tayna Batteries, (UK) +44-1745-823399 or http://www.tayna.co.uk/

West Marine, (US) 1-800-538-0775 or http://www.westmarine.com/

WestCo Battery Systems, (US) +1-714-937-1033, 1-800-372-9253 or http://www.westcobattery.com/

Wrangler NW Power Products, (US) 1-800-962-2616 or http://www.wranglernw.com/

www.4lots.com, (US) +1-504-305-3385, 1-866-818-1699 or http://4lots.com

Yacht Outfitting, (US) +1-619-223-3640

YachtIQ.com, (US) +1-813-748-9093, 1-866-922-4847

[back to Index]


Business Directories:

http://www.4battery.8k.com/

Alternative-fuel Vehicles, http://www.engineinfo.net/af/avd.html

Auto Batteries (Business Directory), http://energy.sourceguides.com/businesses/byP/batP/batt/btora/bApp/autobatt/byB/mfg/byN/byName.shtml

Batteries (Business Directory), http://dmoz.org/Science/Technology/Energy/Storage/Batteries/

Batteries (Business Directory), http://directory.google.com/Top/Business/Electronics_and_Electrical/Batteries/Lead-Acid/

Batteries (Business Directory), http://dir.yahoo.com/Business_and_Economy/Business_to_Business/Industrial_Supplies/Batteries

Batteries (Business Directory), http://dmoz.org/Science/Technology/Energy/Storage/Batteries/

Batteries (Business Directory), http://energy.sourceguides.com/businesses/byP/batP/batt/batt.shtml

Battery Industry Directory & Market Database, (US) 1-800-803-9488 or hrrp://webcomcommunications.com

Charge Controllers (Business Directory), http://energy.sourceguides.com/businesses/byGeo/US/byP/solctl/byB/mfg/mfg.shtml

Chargers (Business Directory), http://energy.sourceguides.com/businesses/byP/batP/batC/byN/byName.shtml

Chargers (Business Directory), http://www.dmoz.org/Business/Electronics_and_Electrical/Power_Supplies/Batteries/Chargers/

Chargers (Business Directory), http://energy.sourceguides.com/businesses/byP/batP/batC/byN/byName.shtml

Chargers (Business Directory), http://directory.google.com/Top/Business/Electronics_and_Electrical/Batteries/Chargers/

Darnell, http://www.darnell.com

Energy Plant (Renewable Energy Directory)http://www.energyplanet.info/

Inverters (Business Directory) http://energy.sourceguides.com/businesses/byP/invert/byB/mfg/byN/byName.shtml

Generators (Business Directory), http://dmoz.org/Business/Industrial_Goods_and_Services/Industrial_Supply/Generators/

PowerPulse.Net, Manufacturer' Directory, http://www.powerpulse.net/powerpulse/resources/mfgrs.stm

Research and Markets, (Market Research and Reports), +353-1-416-8900, +1-917-300-0470, 800-526-8630 or http://www.researchandmarkets.com/

Shmuel De-Leon Energy, Power Sources DataBase (Business Database), +972-77-5010792 or http://www.sdle.co.il/

Thomas Register, Batteries & Battery Manufacturers (Business Directory), http://www.thomasregisterdirectory.com/batteries/index.html

Thomas Register, Power Supply, Charger and Inverter Manufacturers (Business Directory), http://www.powersupplies-ez.com/powersupplies/0044673_all_1.html

Webcom Communication, Battery Industry Directory (Business Directory), 800-803-9488 or http://www.webcomcommunications.com/

[back to Index]


Frequently Asked Questions, (FAQs):

Absolute Battery FAQ, http://www.absolutebattery.com/help.htm

Auto Batteries Battery FAQ [Johnson Controls Inc.], http://www.autobatteries.com/en-us

Battery Directory FAQ, http://www.batterydirectory.com/faq.php3

Battery Mart Battery FAQ, http://www.batterymart.com/battery_faq.php

Battery Wholesale Battery FAQ, http://www.batterywholesale.com/batfaq.php

Car and Deep Cycle Battery FAQ, http://www.batteryfaq.org

Continental Battery FAQ, http://www.continentalbattery.com/service/faq.html

DC Battery Specialists Battery FAQ, http://www.dcbattery.com/faq.html

DCAC Power Inverters FAQ, http://www.dcacpowerinverters.com/faq.htm

The Electrochemistry FAQ, http://electrochem.cwru.edu/estir/ or ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/sci.answers/sci/electrochemistry-faq/

Ibex Battery FAQ, http://www.ibexmfg.com/appnotes/appmain.htm

Interstate Battery FAQ, http://www.batteries-faq.com/activekb/index.php

Inverters FAQs, http://www.powerinverters.org/pages/Inverter-FAQs.html

Kennedy, Peter, Marine Electrical Systems FAQ, http://www.pkys.com/FAQ.htm

Northern Arizona Wind & Sun Battery FAQ, http://www.wind-sun.com/Batteries/Battery_FAQ.htm

Odyssey Battery FAQ, http://www.odysseyfactory.com/odyfaq.htm

Optima Battery FAQ, http://europe.optimabatteries.com/publish/optima/europe/en/config/technology/faq.html

Power Inverter FAQ, http://www.donrowe.com/inverters/inverter_faq.html

Powerstream Battery FAQ, http://www.powerstream.com/BatteryFAQ.html

sci.chem.electrochem FAQ, http://electrochem.cwru.edu/estir/

Starter FAQ, http://www.team.net/sol/tech/starter.html

The Battey FAQ [Power Sports including Motorcycle], http://faq.f650.com/FAQs/BatteryFAQ.htm

Trojan Battery FAQ, http://www.trojanbattery.com/tech-support/faq/

Deep Cycle Battery FAQ, http://www.solar-electric.com/deep-cycle-battery-faq.html/

Varta Battery FAQ, http://www.varta-automotive.com/en-gb/support/faq

[back to Index]


Glossaries and Dictionaries:

http://www.autobatteries.com/basics/definitions.asp

Electrochemisty Encyclopedia, http://electrochem.cwru.edu/ed/encycl/

Harris Battery Glossary, http://www.harrisbattery.com/industrial-batteries-glossary

http://www.high-techproductions.com/glossary1.htm

IEC 60050-482 (2004-04), International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - (Part 482: Primary and secondary cells and batteries), http://www.iec.ch

http://www.mpoweruk.com/glossary.htm

http://www.powerstream.com/glossary.html

https://www.solar-electric.com/battery-terms-glossary.html

[back to Index]


History:

http://store.intellaliftparts.com/history-and-evolution-of-the-battery.html

http://www.bbma.co.uk/introbatterymain.htm

http://www.buchmann.ca/Article3-Page1.asp

http://www.corrosion-doctors.org/Biographies/PlantelBio.htm

http://www.mpoweruk.com/history.htm

[back to Index]


Hyperlink Lists:

BaSyTek Link Page, http://www.basytec.de/links_e.html

Darden, William

Battery Manufacturers And Brand Names List, http://www.batteryfaq.org/batbrand.htm

Battery Information Links List, http://www.batteryfaq.org/batlinks.htm

Battery Information References Link List, http://www.batteryfaq.org/batlinks2.htm

Darnell.Com, http://www.darnell.com

Discover Circuits [Links to Battery Charging Circuits], (US) http://www.discovercircuits.com/B/batt-chrg.htm

Electric Vehicle Battery Information, http://www.madkatz.com/ev/battery.html

Electric Vehicles, http://www.geocities.com/MotorCity/Downs/4214/links.html

Renewable Energy Links, http://www.otherpower.com/otherpower_links.html

Tinseth, Phred, "Sources", http://www.phrannie.org/sources.html

[back to Index]


Libraries:

Electrochemical Science and Technology Information Resource [ESTIR], http://electrochem.cwru.edu/estir/

[back to Index]


Magazines and Articles:

[Note: Some magazines require a fee to read their article.]

Backwoods Home Magazine, http://www.backwoodshome.com/

Battery Connections, (UK) http://batteryconnections.net/

Battery Digest, http://www.batteriesdigest.com/

Batteries International, (UK) http://www.batteriesinternational.com/

Battery Power Products and Technology, http://www.batterypoweronline.com/

Consumer Reports, http://www.consumerreports.org/

"All Charged Up", January, 2016

"Auto Batteries, High tech models top test", November, 2007

"Auto Batteries", October, 1991

"Auto Batteries, Our ratings of 50 models include 12 CR Best Buys", November, 2008

"Auto Batteries, Price doesn't equal performance", October, 2006

"Auto Batteries, Some go the distance", November, 2005

"Batteries", February, 1987

"Batteries", October, 2000

"Best Bet in Auto Batteries", October, 1995

"Car Batteries, November, 2010

"Car Batteries, Power vs. promises", November, 2009

"Car Batteries, Big brands don't mean big performance", November, 2013

"Car Batteries, Don't go only by brand when looking for a strong performer", November, 2011

"Car Batteries, Power vs. promises", November, 2003

"Car Batteries, Some claims fall short", November, 2004

"Car Batteries, Some inexpensive models are strong performers", November, 2012

"Car batteries that last", October, 2002

"First Aid for an Auto Battery", November, 1995

"What To Buy When Your Battery Dies", October, 1998

Darden, William

"Absorbed Glass Mat Batteries", Bilge Talk, February, 2004, http://http://www.volvopenta.com/us

"Battery Safety", RV Gazette, Jan-Feb, 2006, http://www.explorer-rvclub.com/

"Connecting The Power", RV Gazette, October, 2002, http://www.explorer-rvclub.com/

"Equalizing Equation", RV Gazette, September, 2002, http://www.explorer-rvclub.com/

"How to Winterize Car and Deep Cycle Batteries", RV Gazette, Nov-Dec, 2004, http://www.explorer-rvclub.com/

"Selling Quality", Boat & Motor Dealer, January-February, 2004, http://www.boatmotordealer.com/

"Truth or Consequences", RV Gazette, July-August, 2002, http://www.explorer-rvclub.com/

"What you don't know about batteries could hurt you, or worse", Boat & Motor Dealer, January-February, 2003, http://www.boatmotordealer.com/

Dell, Ron, "Batteries Today", chembytes e-zine, http://www.chemsoc.org/chembytes/ezine/2000/toolkit_mar00.htm

Donaldson, Joel, "Battery Basics", Trailer Life, May, 1994

Electrifying Times, http://www.electrifyingtimes.com/

EuroTest 2002: Results for Car Batteries Motorwelt, ADAC (Germany), November 2002, http://www.adac.de/

EV World, http://www.evworld.com/

Galligher, William J., "First, Why Is It Called [Automotive] 'Electronics'", http://www.moparstyle.net/technical/electricalintro.htm

Giess, H., "The Operation of VRLA Lead Acid Batteries in Parallel Strings of Dissimilar Capacity or How Can We Sin?", h.giess@accuoerlikon.com

Hawkins, Tim, "Batteries: Playing Pinball with Atoms", Nuts &; Volts Magazine, November, 1995, http://www.nutsvolts.com/

Home Energy Magazine, http://www.homeenergy.org/

Home Power Magazine, http://www.homepower.com/

Landiss, Dan "Car Batteries Are Not 12 Volts", http://www.landiss.com/battery.htm

Lucius, Jeff, "Dyna-Batt and Other Sealed Lead Acid Batteries" [As Car Batteries], http://www.stealth316.com/2-dynabatt.htm

Mazda Miata Battery, http://www.miata.net/garage/battery.html

Mpower Solutions Ltd., "Why Batteries Fail", http://www.mpoweruk.com/failure_modes.htm

Nelsen, Robert, "The Basic Chemistry of Gas Recombination in Lead-Acid Batteries", JOM, http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0101/Nelson-0101.html

Oltman, Stu, "Understanding Motorcycle Batteries", Wing World Magazine, http://www.yuasabatteries.com/motor_battery.asp

Power Quality, http://www.powerquality.com/

Solar Today, http://www.solartoday.org/

"Solving Chronic [Marine] Battery Problems", http://marinesurvey.com/yacht/batteries.htm

The Battery Man, IBMA, http://www.thebatteryman.com/

[back to Index]


Manuals:

Battery Technical Manual, Battery Council International, http://www.batterycouncil.org/,Chicago, 1998.

First National Battery Training Manual, First National Battery, http://www.battery.co.za/download/dl/AutoTrainMan.pdf

Hawker Standby Batteries Technical Manual, http://www.enersys-japan.com/documents/technical

USABC EV Battery Test Procedures, http://www.uscar.org/

[back to Index]


USEnet Newsgoups:

USEnet Newsgroups maybe accessed from your browser by using https://groups.google.com/.

The astrick below denotes a wildcard and that there are several newsgroups beginning with the same name, for example, rec.autos.* means rec.autos.tech, rec.autos.driving, rec.autos.toyota, rec.autos.bmw, etc.

alt.autos.*

alt.cars.*

alt.energy.homepower

alt.energy.renewable

alt.motorcycles.*

alt.solar.photovoltaic

aus.cars.*

aus.sport.*

misc.consumers.*

misc.handicap

rec.audio.car

rec.autos.*

rec.autos.makers.*

rec.autos.tech

rec.boats.*

rec.motorcycles.*

rec.outdoors.*

rec.outdoors.rv-travel

rec.radio.*

rec.sport.*

sci.chem.electrochem

sci.chem.electrochem.battery

sci.electronics.*

uk.d-i-y

uk.rec.*

uk.rec.cars.*

uk.rec.cars.maintenance

[back to Index]


Primers and Handbooks:

Ample Power, http://www.amplepower.com/primer/index.html

Battery Training Guide, Exide Corporation, Reading,PA.

Department of Energy, Primer on Lead-Acid Storage Batteries,, 1995, http://tis.eh.doe.gov/techstds/standard/hdbk1084/hdbk1084.pdf or http://nuclearpowertraining.tpub.com/hdbk1084/

Guide Document for the Selection and Procurement of Lead-Acid Storage Batteries, Revision 2, July 1, 1993, University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Lead-Acid Batteries, Best Manufacturing Practices, NAVSO P-3676, http://www.bmpcoe.org/library/books/navso%20p-3676/index.html

SAND80-7022, Handbook for Battery Energy Storage in Photovoltaic Power Systems Final Report, November 1979, Bechtel National Inc., San Francisco, California.

SAND81-7135, August 1981, Handbook of Secondary Storage Batteries and Charge Regulators in Photovoltaic Systems Final Report, Exide Management and Technology Company, Yardley, Pennsylvania.

Scheidler, Ralph E., Introduction to Batteries and Charging Systems, http://www.surepower.com/pdf/ebr_int.pdf

Sullivan, Kevin R., 12-volt Lead Acid BATTERY BASICS, http://www.autoshop101.com/trainmodules/batteries/101.html

Sullivan, Kevin R., BATTERY SERVICE, http://www.autoshop101.com/trainmodules/batservice/101.html

[back to Index]


Safety:

American National Standards Institute/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers [ANSI/IEEE], (US) http://www.ieee.org/index.html/

450-2002, IEEE Recommended Practice for Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement of Vented Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications

484-1987, IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation Design and Installation of Large Lead Storage Batteries for Generating Stations and Substations

1188-1996, IEEE Recommended Practice for Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement of Valve Regulated Lead-Acid, (VRLA) Batteries for Stationary Applications

CCB Industrial Battery Co., Battery Safety, http://www.battery-oem.com/tech/battery-safety.htm

Darden, William, "Battery Safety", RV Gazette, Jan-Feb, 2006, http://www.explorer-rvclub.com/

DOE-STD-3003-94, Backup Power Sources for DOE Facilities, U.S. Department of Energy, http://www.doe.gov/

International Electrotechnical Commission [IEC], (Switzerland) http://www.iec.ch

60086-5 (2001-01), Safety of batteries with aqueous electrolyte

60335-2-29 (1994), Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - (Part 2-29: Particular requirements for battery chargers)

TR 61430 (1997-10), Secondary cells and batteries - Test methods for checking the performance of devices designed for reducing explosion hazards - Lead-acid starter batteries

MPower Solutions Ltd., Battery Safety, (UK) http://www.mpoweruk.com/safety.htm

National Fire Protection Assocation [NFPA], (US) http://www.nfpa.org/

70: National Electrical Code, 2005 Edition, Sections 503 and 505

70E: Electrical Safety in the Workplace, 2004 Edition

111: Standard for Stored Electrical Energy Emergency and Standby Power Systems, 1989 Edition

Neodym Technologies Inc., [Gas Monitors], (Canada) +1-604-939-5544, 1-877-723-5400 or http://www.neodymsystems.com/

Occupational Safety and Health Administration [OSHA]

Standards for Personal Protective Equipment, 29 CFR 1910.132

Standards for Hazardous Locations, 29 CFR 1910.307

Standards for Medical Services and First Aid, 29 CFR 1910.151

Standards for Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklits), 29 CFR 1910.178

Standards for Overhead and Gantry Cranes, 29 CFR 1910.179

Underwriters Labatories [UL], (US) +1-847-272-8800 or http://www.ul.com/

1310: Safety of Class 2 Power Supplies, AC Adapters and Battery Chargers - Testing

2054: Safety Requirements for Household and Commercial Batteries

Vaughan, Ray, Battery Safety, (China) http://www.rayvaughan.com/battery_safety.htm.

[back to Index]


Standards:

American Boat and Yacht Council [ABYC], (US) +1-410-990-4460 or http://www.abycinc.org/

ABYC Standard E-10, Standards and Recommended Practices for Small Craft

American National Standards Institute/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers [ANSI/IEEE], (US) http://www.ieee.org/index.html/

450-2002, IEEE Recommended Practice for Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement of Vented Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications

484-1987, IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation Design and Installation of Large Lead Storage Batteries for Generating Stations and Substations

485-1983, IEEE Recommended Practice for Sizing Large Lead Storage Batteries for Generating Stations and Substations

535-1986, IEEE Standard for Qualification of Class IE Lead Storage Batteries for Nuclear Power Generating Substations

944-1986, IEEE Recommended Practice for the Application and Testing of Uninterruptible Power Supplies for Generating Stations

1106-1995, IEEE Recommended Practice for Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement of Nickel-Cadmium Batteries for Stationary Applications

1115-1992, IEEE Recommended Practice for Sizing Nickel-Cadmium Batteries for Stationary Applications

1184-1994, IEEE Recommended Guide for Selection and Sizing Batteries for Uninterruptable Power Supply, (UPS)

1188-1996, IEEE Recommended Practice for Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement of Valve Regulated Lead-Acid, (VRLA) Batteries for Stationary Applications

1189-1996, IEEE Recommended Guide for Selection of Valve Regulated Lead-Acid, (VRLA) Batteries for Stationary Applications

Battery Council International [BCI], (US) +1-312-644-6610 or http://www.batterycouncil.org/

Battery Replacement Data Book, published annually, http://www.batteryplex.com/sheets/BCI_21170_Combined_with_Cover.pdf

BCI Battery Technical Manual (automotive lead-acid battery test procedures)

BCI Battery Service Manual (general information about manufacturing and using automotive batteries)

BCI Test Specifications (small deep cycling batteries, deep cycle marine/RV batteries, batteries for golf cars, floor maintenance machinery, etc.)

British Standards [BS], (UK) please see European Committee for Standarization (CEN)

Code of Federal Regulation [CFR], (US) http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/

Title 33, Part 183, Boats and Associated Equipment, Subpart I, Electrical Systems, §183.420 Batteries

DOE-STD-3003-94, (US) Backup Power Sources for DOE Facilities, U.S. Department of Energy, http://www.doe.gov/

European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization [CENELEC], (Belgium) +32-2-519-6871 or http://www.cenelec.eu/

European Committee for Standardization [CEN], (Belgium) +32-2-550-0811 or http://www.cen.eu/

BS EN 1175-1:1998, Safety of industrial trucks. Electrical requirements. General requirements for battery powered trucks

BS EN 45510-2-3:2000, Guide for the procurement of power station equipment. Electrical equipment. Stationary batteries and chargers

BS EN 50272-2:2001, Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations. Stationary batteries

BS EN 50342:2001, Lead-acid starter batteries. General requirements, methods of test and numbering

BS EN 60095-1:1993, Lead-acid starter batteries. General requirements and methods of test

BS EN 60095-2:1993, Lead-acid starter batteries. Dimensions of batteries and dimensions and marking of terminals

BS EN 60095-4:1993, Lead-acid starter batteries. Dimensions of batteries for heavy commercial vehicles

BS EN 60254-2:1997, Lead-acid traction batteries. Dimensions of cells and terminals and marking of polarity on cells

BS EN 60896-11:2003, Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Vented types. General requirements and methods of tests

BS EN 61056-1:2003, Portable lead-acid cells and batteries (valve-regulated types). General requirements, functional characteristics. Methods of test

BS EN 61056-2:2003, Portable lead-acid cells and batteries (valve-regulated types). Dimensions, terminals and marking

European Telecommunications Standards Institute [ETSI], (France) +33-4-9294-4200 or http://www.etsi.org/

International Electrotechnical Commission [IEC], (Switzerland) +41-22-919-021 or http://www.iec.ch

60050-482 (2004-04), International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (Part 482: Primary and secondary cells and batteries)

60086-5 (2005-04), Primary batteries (Part 5: Safety of batteries with aqueous electrolyte)

60092-305 (2000-01), Electrical installations in ships (Part 305: Equipment - Accumulator [storage] batteries)

60095-1 (2000-12), Lead-acid starter batteries (Part 1: General requirements and methods of test)

60095-2 (1993-06), Lead-acid starter batteries (Part 2: Dimensions of batteries and dimensions and marking of terminals)

60095-4 (1996-02), Lead-acid starter batteries (Part 4: Dimensions of batteries for heavy trucks)

60130-3 (1965-01), Connectors for frequencies below 3 MHz (Part 3: Battery connectors)

60130-17 (1998-02), Connectors for frequencies below 3 MHz (Part 17: Detailspecification for interconnection devices which permit multi-directional mating, for use with rechargeable batteries)

60254-1 (2005-04), Lead-acid traction batteries (Part 1: Dimensions of batteries and dimensions and marking of terminals)

60254-2 (2000-11), Lead-acid traction batteries (Part 2: Dimensions of batteries and dimensions and marking of terminals)

60335-2-29 (2004-12), Battery chargers (Part 2-29: Particular requirements for battery chargers)

60896-11 (2002-12), Stationary lead-acid batteries (Part 11: Vented types - General requirements and methods of test)

60896-12 (2004-02), Stationary lead-acid batteries (Part 12: Vented types - Electrolyte and topping up)

60896-21 (2004-02), Stationary lead-acid batteries (Part 21: Valve regulated types - Methods of test)

60896-22 (2004-02), Stationary lead-acid batteries (Part 22: Valve regulated types - Requirements)

60952-1 (2004-09), Aircraft batteries (Part 1: General test requirements and performance levels)

60952-2 (2004-09), Aircraft batteries (Part 2: Design and construction requirements)

60952-3 (2004-09), Aircraft batteries (Part 3: Product specification and declaration of design and performance [DDP])

60993 (2004-10), Electrolytes and water for use in secondary cells and batteries

TR 61044 (2002-12), Opportunity-charging of lead-acid traction batteries

61056-1 (2002-10), General purpose lead-acid batteries [valve-regulated types] (Part 1: General requirements, functional characteristics - Methods of test)

61056-2 (2002-10), General purpose lead-acid batteries [valve-regulated types] (Part 2: Dimensions, terminals and marking)

TR 61056-3 (1991-08), Portable Lead-Acid Cells and Batteries (Valve-Regulated Types) (Part 3: Safety Recommendations for Use in Electric Appliances)

61427 (2005-05), Secondary cells and batteries for photovoltaic energy systems (PVES) - General requirements and methods of test

61429 (1995-12), Marking of Secondary Cells and Batteries with the International Recycling Symbol ISO 7000-1135

TR 61430 (1997-10), Secondary cells and batteries - Test methods for checking the performance of devices designed for reducing explosion hazards - Lead-acid starter batteries

TR 61431 (1995-08), Guide for the use of monitor systems for lead-acid traction batteries

61982-1 (2000-05), Secondary batteries for the propulsion of electric road vehicles - (Part 1: Test parameters)

61982-2 (2002-08), Secondary batteries for the propulsion of electric road vehicles (Part 2: Dynamic discharge performance test and dynamic endurance test)

61982-3 (2002-08), Secondary batteries for the propulsion of electric road vehicles (Part 3: Performance and life testing [traffic compatible, urban use vehicles])

TR 62060 (2001-09), Secondary cells and batteries - Monitoring of lead acid stationary batteries - User guide

62393 (2004-06), State-of-charge measurements of battery

International Organization for Standardiation [ISO], (Switzerland) +41-22-749-0111 or http://www.iso.org/

International Telecommunication Union [ITU], (Switzerland) +41-22-730-5111 or http://www.itu.int/

Japanese Standards Association [JSA], (Japan) http://www.jsa.or.jp/

JIS C 8701:1975 Lead acid batteries for general service

JIS C 8702-1:2003 Small-sized valve regulated lead-acid batteries -- Part 1: General requirements, functional characteristics -- Methods of test

JIS C 8702-2:2003 Small-sized valve regulated lead-acid batteries -- Part 2: Dimensions, terminals and marking

JIS C 8702-3:2003 Small-sized valve regulated lead-acid batteries -- Part 3: Safety recommendations for use in electric appliances

JIS C 8704-1:1999 Stationary lead-acid batteries -- General requirements and methods of test -- Part 1: Vented types

JIS C 8704-2:1999 Stationary lead-acid batteries -- General requirements and methods of tests -- Part 2: Valve regulated types

JIS C 8972:1997 Testing procedure of long discharge rate lead-acid batteries for photovoltaic systems

JIS D 5301:1999 Lead-acid starter batteries

JIS D 5302:1997 Lead-acid batteries for motorcycle

JIS D 5303-1:1997 Lead-acid traction batteries Part 1: General requirements and methods of test

JIS D 5303-2:1997 Lead-acid traction batteries Part 2: Dimensions of cells and marking of polarity on cells

JIS F 8101:2003 Lead-acid marine batteries

MPower's List of International Standards and Testing Applicable to Batteries, (UK) http://www.mpoweruk.com/standards.htm

National Fire Protection Assocation [NFPA], (US) http://www.nfpa.org/

NFPA 70, 1993, National Electrical Code

NFPA 110, 1988, Standard for Emergency and Standby Power Systems

NFPA 111, 1989, Standard on Stored Electrical Energy Emergency and Standby Power Systems

Society of Automotive Engineers [SAE], (US) http://www.sae.org

J180: Electrical Charging Systems for Off Highway Work Machines

J240: Life Test for Automotive Storage Batteries

J277: Maintenance of Design Voltage-Snowmobile Electrical Systems

J378: Marine Engine Wiring

J392: Motorcycle and Motor Driven Cycle Electrical System Maintenance of Design Voltage

J537: Storage Batteries

J538: Grounding of Storage Batteries, (Cancelled Nov 1998)

J541: Voltage Drop for Starting Motor Circuits

J930: Storage Batteries for Off-Road Work Machines

J1127: Battery Cable

J1239: Four-, Five-, and Eight-Conductor Electrical Connectors for Automotive Type Trailers

J1292: Automobile, Truck, Truck-Tractor, Trailer, and Motor Coach Wiring

J1320: Marine Electrical Switches

J1416: Generator Terminal Labeling

J1455: Recommended Environmental Practice for Heavy-Duty Trucks

J1494: Battery Booster Cables

J1495: Test Procedure for Battery Flame Retardant Venting Systems

J1718: Measurement of Hydrogen Gas Emission From Battery-Powered Passenger Cars and Light Trucks During Battery Charging

J1811: Power Cable Terminals

J1742: Connections for High Voltage On-Board Road Vehicle Electrical Wiring Harnesses-Test Methods and General Performance Requirements

J1766: Recommended Practice for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Systems Crash Integrity Testing (Work in progress)

J1797: Recommended Practice for Packaging of Electric Vehicle Battery Modules

J1798: Recommended Practice for Performance Rating of Electric Vehicle Battery Modules

J1908: Electrical Grounding Practice

J1939: The SAE specification for the CAN Bus

J2120: Personal Watercraft--Electrical Systems

J2185: Life Test for Heavy-Duty Storage Batteries

J2191: Recommended Practice for Identification of Standardized Truck and Tractor Electrical Circuits

J2202: Heavy-Duty Wiring Systems for On-Highway Trucks

J2288: Life Cycle Testing of Electric Vehicle Battery Modules

J2289: Electric Drive Battery Pack System Functional Guidelines

J2293: Energy Transfer System for Electric Vehicles

J2344: Guidelines for Electric Vehicle Safety

J2380: Vibration Testing of Electric Vehicle Batteries

J2464: Electric Vehicle Battery Abuse Testing

J2602: The SAE specification for the LIN Bus

J2622: Battery Connections for 42 Volt Electrical Systems Tests and General Performance Requirements

[back to Index]


Tutorials:

Battery Tutorial, http://www.batterystuff.com/tutorial_battery.html

How Stuff Works, http://www.howstuffworks.com/battery.htm

Lead Acid Battery Manufacturing, http://www.geocities.com/lead_acid_battery/

Tinseth, Phred, "Batteries--and Other Electrical Stuff [for RVs]," http://www.manmrk.net/tutorials/RV/phred/battery.html

[back to Index]


I highly recommend that you hyperlink to http://www.batteryfaq.org/ rather than republishing this document because this information will be revised periodically to keep up with the advancements in batteries and the changing resources. Revisions will be indicated with a newer date. These documents are in the public domain and can be freely reproduced or distributed without permission. Attribution is always appreciated, but not required.

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